How Jewish is the New Testament?

David Rudolph, PhD

It is commonly agreed between Jews and Christians that the New Testament is Christian literature and not Jewish. Similarly, many commentaries on the New Testament begin with the premise that Jesus started a new religion called "Christianity" and that the Church is a kind of new and improved Israel that supersedes the Jewish people as the people of God, a view known as supersessionism.

Modern New Testament scholars have begun to question these historical and theological assumptions which has led to a new school of thought emerging in the field of New Testament studies that some refer to as post-supersessionist interpretation. This approach affirms the Jewishness of the New Testament from Matthew to Revelation. 

There are varieties of post-supersessionist interpretation. Messianic Jewish (MJ) post-supersessionist interpretation maintains that the New Testament writers affirmed (1) God's covenant fidelity to the Jewish people, (2) that Jesus is Israel's Messiah and participates in the unique identity of the God of Israel, (3) that Jesus-believing Gentiles are members of God's people without becoming Jews, and (4) that Jesus-believing Jews should continue to live as Jews in keeping with Israel's calling to be a distinct and enduring nation. 

The purpose of this website is to track post-supersessionist New Testament scholarship of various kinds and to make it freely available when possible.